The National Development and Reform Commission of China and Ministry of Commerce of China jointly released, on December 27, 2021, the “Special Administrative Measures for Foreign Investment Access (Negative List)” (2021 Version) (the “National List”) and the “Special Administrative Measures for Foreign Investment Access in the Pilot Free Trade Zone (Negative List)” (2021 Version)(the “FTZ List”).  These negative lists have become effective on January 1, 2022 and on the same day, the 2020 version of these negative lists were repealed. These negative lists set forth categories of industries and businesses in which China has imposed restrictions (e.g., cap on shareholding percentage) or prohibitions on foreign investment or ownership. For example, the National List states that healthcare institutions shall not be wholly owned by foreign investors.
Continue Reading China Issued 2021 Version of Negative List for Foreign Investment

On December 24, 2021, China Securities Regulatory Commission (“CSRC”) issued draft rules and measures on the direct and indirect offshore listings of onshore companies for public comments.  The deadline for submitting public comments is January 23, 2022.
Continue Reading China Securities Regulatory Commission Issued Proposed Rules on Offshore Listing

On December 17, 2021, the Stock Exchange of Hong Kong Limited (the Exchange) announced new listing regime for special purpose acquisition companies (SPAC).  These new rules will take effect on January 1, 2022.  This regulatory update reflects the Exchange’s commitment to remain an attractive, competitive and diversified capital-raising market in the region.
Continue Reading Hong Kong Stock Exchange Announced New Listing Regime for SPAC

When Chinese investors are considering US targets, it is important to keep in mind the requirements of the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976 (“HSR Act”). For deals meeting certain thresholds, the HSR Act requires the parties to submit HSR filings to FTC and DOJ, pay a filing fee, and wait 30 days before closing. The purpose of this is to permit FTC and DOJ to investigate the potential antitrust and competition issues before the transaction closes. Failure to make a filing and/or observe the 30-day waiting period can have severe consequences. Currently, the maximum civil penalty for noncompliance is $43,792 per day.
Continue Reading HSR Considerations For Chinese Investors In U.S. Companies 投资美国企业的中国投资者在HSR申报中需要注意的问题

On August 20, 2021, the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress adopted the Personal Information Protection Law of the People’s Republic of China (the “Personal Information Protection Law”).  The Personal Information Protection Law will become effective on November 1, 2021, and will then, together with  the Cybersecurity Law of the People’s Republic of China (the “Cybersecurity Law”) and the Data Security Law of the People’s Republic of China (which will become effective on September 1, 2021, the “Data Security Law”), form the foundation of the data security legal regime of China.
Continue Reading Highlights of China’s Recently Adopted Personal Information Protection Law

The travel bans imposed by the U.S. Government during the COVID-19 national pandemic created enormous logistical challenges for anyone seeking to fly to the U.S. from a country on the travel ban list.  Even today, there is still a great deal of confusion regarding who is subject to the travel ban, what are the exceptions, and how to go about applying for a National Interest Exception (NIE) waiver.  The checklist below is intended to help simplify an albeit complicated process.  Of course, most U.S. Consulates are still operating at limited capacities so significant delays for waivers and visa stamping is still the norm.Continue Reading Navigating the Travel Ban Jungle: National Interest Exception Checklist for the U.S. COVID Travel Bans

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Blockchain patent applications may be divided into two types: underlying technologies of blockchain, such as consensus methods, security, etc., and applications of blockchain in, e.g., fintech, legal, and other industries. In patent examination, the first type, because it recites underlying technology improvement, rarely elicits subject matter rejections. The second type, applications of blockchain, are often found to be directed to an abstract idea. This article analyzes a recent Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB) decision in a blockchain patent application and explores drafting and prosecution strategies to anticipate subject matter scrutiny.
Continue Reading Blockchain Patentability Through The Lens Of A Recent PTAB Decision

Year 2020 definitely is a milestone year for China in building up and strengthening its regulatory legislation in the field of international trade.  Following the Regulations on Unreliable Entity List (“UEL”), the Export Control Law came out on October 17 and will come into effect on December 1, 2020.  Obviously, this Export Control Law of the PRC (“Export Control Law”) is one of the most important bricks to China’s regulatory Great Wall in the ongoing trade war to protect its key national security and interests.

Here is our quick bird’s-eye view of this new Export Control Law and some preliminary thoughts on its possible impact to the future cross-border transactions and multinationals’ China operations.
Continue Reading New Export Control Law: China Strengthens its Regulatory “Great Wall”